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Glossary of terms you will come across during your Phase 2 training.


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This online learning environment has a glossary, which is like a dictionary of terms that you will come across and use both during your Phase 2 training and in your work as a CP Fitter.

Each time a word that is in the glossary appears anywhere on the site, it is automatically linked back here to the glossary. To get a full explanation of the word or term, simply click on it and a small window pops up with the explanation.

You will recognise words linked in this way because they will be highlighted in grey, and when you hover over them with your cursor, the cursor changes from an arrow to a click icon, indicating that you can click on the word for more information.

For example, Phase 2, work, CP and hover are all words, phrases and abbreviations that have explanations in our course glossary. Click on any of them for more information.

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Also referred to as the 'easy-spin' system.

In order to aid cold starting, engines are often fitted with some form of decompression device.

By briefly decompressing the cylinder during its compression stroke, it allows the operator to turn the engine over faster during starting - hence the term 'easy-spin'.

Easy-spin mechanism on a typical camshaft for a single cylinder engine.

If we turn an engine over too slowly during starting, any heat we generate has time to escape into the cooling system and so is unavailable to help start the engine. The solution is to ensure the engine cranks quickly, so that any heat generated during compression does not have time to escape, and remains in the cylinder where it improves cold starting.

In addition, the speed at which we can turn an engine over when cranking has a direct bearing on the quality of the spark produced - the faster the turning, the better the spark.

The decompression button in a two-stroke engine performs a similar function.

Here is an explanation of the operation of the automatic decompression arrangement found in small plant four-stroke engines:

Contributors to this page: Shane Fagan and Declan Lynham (BnM), Phase 2, January to May, 2012.

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This stands for Automatic Voltage Regulator. This is an electronic control board fitted to generators. This circuit board ensures that if the engine speed changes, the electrical output of the generator remains constant.

Read more on wikipedia  

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Axial Loads and Radial Loads

Axial Loads acting on a shaft.Thrust, or axial loads are loads that act lengthwise along the axis of a gearbox shaft.

They are set up by helical gears that have a tendency to throw each other out of mesh.

These loads must be borne by bearings (often taper roller) or thrust washers.

Because taper roller bearings can only support axial loads from one direction, they are usually fitted in pairs.


Radial loads acting on a shaft.Radial loads act from all angles along the radius of a shaft. Again, these loads must be borne by bearings. The types of bearing used are usually ball bearings, roller bearings or needle roller bearings.

If these loads are combined with axial loads, as is the case with this shaft, then taper roller bearings, in pairs, are used.

Go here for more information on the types of bearings used to support loads.

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EMF is electro motive force.

Every motor, as well as being a motor, is also capable of generating electricity. If you examine a motor, you will see it is a series of low resistance coils of copper wire, wrapped around a soft iron core. If we connect this across a power source, this is essentially a dead short circuit. The reason why the motor does not burn out when connected is that, as soon as the motor starts to turn, it generates its own EMF, back toward the supply source that is making it turn.

This back EMF restricts the forward flow of electricity, thus preventing the motor from burning out. If we restrict the speed of the motor (overload it), we restrict its ability to generate a back EMF. As a result, too much forward current will flow, and this will cause the motor to burn.

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Backlash, no matter how big or small the gears are!

Backlash (or lash) is the amount of free play left between gears in mesh. The purpose of this lash is to allow room for gears to expand when they are hot, and to leave clearance between gear teeth for lubricating oil.

Remember, it makes no difference how big or small the gears are, the science, theories and adjustments on them are still the same:

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Engine sumpA baffle is a dividing partition in a sump, reservoir or exhaust box. The partition divides the area inside, but does not seperate it. For example, in the sump of an engine, the baffle plates stop the oil surging around, thus reducing the possibility of oil starvation if the vehicle is suddenly braked or is operated on a slope.

In the reservoir of a hydraulic system, the sump has a similar function, to prevent oil surging around. There is also a secondary function of assisting in cooling.

In an exhaust silencer box, there are baffles which assist in taking some of the engery out of the exhaust gasses and convert this engergy to heat. This makes the exhaust quieter.

Reservoir

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The Baldoyle Telephone Number: 01-8167400

The FAS Training Centre, BaldoyleDirections and Sat Nav Co-Ordinates here

Originally, it was intended that Baldoyle become the new home of the Construction Plant Fitters' Course. The plan was that after the two Apprenticeship courses that ran from May to September 2011 finished, the CP Fitters' Section would move into specially prepared workshops in the Baldoyle Training Centre.

This plan was abandoned, and as of November 2013, it is most unlikely that the necessary building work will take place to allow CP Fitters to move in. We have had no official information as to our future. If and when we get any more information, we will post it on this site.

Please note, if you ring CP Fitters, we cannot put you through to the main training centre. CP Fitters have their premises in a different part of the Baldoyle Industrial Estate, and we are on a separate telephone network.

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Low friction bearing used to support radial loads in automotive applications.

Ball bearing with the parts named

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Ball jointThis is a spring loaded ball and socket joint used mostly in the steering systems of plant vehicles. The joint allows a range of movement between the various rods and linkages that make up the steering system.

If the ball joints are fitted to the track control rod, they may be called 'track control rod ends'. These have the same basic construction as the ball joint, they are just named differently because of where they are used.

Read more here on ball joints and check out the overall layout of the steering system here.