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Glossary of terms you will come across during your Phase 2 training.


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Kawasaki GeneratorGE 4300 A 110V/220V electrical generator, used on the small plant course.

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This system describes the basic principle behind all battery powered automotive ignition systems.

The system uses 2 sets of windings:

  1. Primary windings, capable of carrying a relatively large current (3-4 amperes in the original systems which were controlled (switched) by contact breaker points).
  2. Secondary windings, much finer, and generally with about 150 times as many turns as the primary windings. They did not have to be able to carry large amounts of current, but because of the turns ratio between the primary and secondary windings, a very high voltage was generated in the secondary windings everytime the primary windings were switched off.

The Kettering system

The turns ratio alone did not provide the huge step-up in voltage between the primary circuit voltage of 12V and the secondary output of 10-15kV. When the primary winding was switched off, the magnetic field around it collapsed, inducing current in the secondary winding.

However, the primary winding also collapsed across itself, also inducing a voltage in the region of 300-400V. It was this higher voltage, and the turns ratio between the primary and secondary windings that enabled the system to produce the high voltage necessary to produce a spark inside the dense, highly compressed atmosphere of the combustion chamber.

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Kevin HarteTraining specialist with Bord na Mona (BnM) and Mona Engineering. Kevin is the company contact with BnM for Phase 2 training.

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Your Phase 2 course content is laid out in 6 technical modules. Each module is further sub-divided into learning units.

Each learning unit sets out the desired learning outcomes, the key learning points, the resources required and suggested exercises.

The key learning points are the points and topics to be covered by your instructor to help you attain the learning outcomes.

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This means switching on the ignition.

In the context of electronic engine management, 'key-on' describes the event of switching on the ignition.

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Keyword Protocol 2000, sometimes abbreviated KWP2000, is a communications protocol used for on-board vehicle diagnostics systems (OBD). The protocol is standardized by International Organization for Standardization as ISO 14230.

The physical layer is identical to ISO 9141-2, with bidirectional serial communication on a single line called the K-line. In addition, there is an optional L-line for wakeup. The data rate is between 1.2 and 10.4 kilobaud, and a message may contain up to 255 bytes in the data field.

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Prefix for units of measurement: for example kilometre - a thousand metres; kilogramme - a thousand grammes.

Check here for more on prefixes and units of measurement.

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1 kilobyte = 1024 bytes. Don't get confused here! The prefix kilo normally means one thousand, but when we are dealing with bits and bytes, we are dealing with binary numbers, and in this case 210, which is:

2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2=1024.

This type of stuff is covered during your electronics training.

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Kilogramme (abbreviation Kg) is 1,000 grammes.

Kg are the basic S.I. unit for measuring mass.

Check here for more on basic S.I. units.

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Kinetic energy (or momentum) is the energy of movement. All moving bodies have kinetic energy.

Kenetic energy is the amount of extra energy an object picks up due to its motion. eg. when a roller coaster is going down a steep slope on its track it would pick up alot of kinetic energy this also due to its acceleration.

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